பண் or melody, of the ancient Tamil music tradition later came to be called இராகம். The seven basic musical notes or சுரம் of the Indian classical music of today viz. ச ரி க, ம, ப,த,நி were derived from ஆ, ஈ, ஊ, ஏ, ஐ, ஒ, and ஓள of ancient பண் இசை. This section tabulates the sounds or notes of the பண் music system and their equivalents in சமஸ்கிருதம். It points out the uniqueness of the பண் system which visualized and linked musical notes to various scents, tastes and sounds. One example provided is துத்தம் a kind of பண் melody which evokes the scent of the முல்லை flower, the taste of honey and the babble of a child. All this corroborates the highly refined artistic sensibilities of the ancient Tamils.
The section also explains how the ancient Tamils with their keen musical sense developed the 7 musical notes into 103 பண்கள் or classical melodies, how they arranged the musical notes as per their frequencies on an ascending scale or ஆரோசை and on a descending scale or அமரோசை and created a சம்பூர்ண இராகம் or complete melody.