பக்கம் எண் :

Westward Spread of the Tamils or Dravidians231

11. WESTWARD SPREAD OF THE TAMILS OR
DRAVIDIANS

     “A key to formulate a reliable chronology of early South Indian connecton with Mesopotamia is furnished by the excavations at the Sumerian sites, especially Kish and Susa dating from the 5th to the 3rd millennium B.C. The fact is that they have revealed the existence of Indian products. Some of the interesting things are:

(1) Funerary pottery.
   
(2) Oblong short-legged terra cotta sarcophagi.
   
(3) Carnelian heads of Kish decorated with white lines on a red ground, a technique common only in India. These were found at Crete also.
   
(4) Use of the coracle, the Indian boat.
   
(5) An early Sumerian glazed steatite seal from Kish, alike in respect of the Indian script and bull.
   
(6) Conch in Susa and the chank ornaments in Tello-the site of ancient Lagash. Incidentally I may say that the use of chank bangles and conch for rituals connected with temple worship, funerary rites and in war as from primitive times in India. The technique of chank should have led to the use of iron saw and iron ore early in South India.
   
(7) Fragments of teak and Indian cedar in the ruins of Birs Nimrod and Ur.

              
     “Proceeding to examine the South Indian contribution to the religious and social systems of the ancient world, we find first the worship of mother goddess, practically universal. The very term ‘Amma’ as signifying the goddess is significant. We have