Lesson - 2 : A05132
TAMIL DURING THE AGE OF
THE PALLAVAS - MORPHOLOGY
This lesson tells you all about the changes that took place in the structure of words during the Pallava period. These changes were in the grammar as well as in the form of the words.
You learnt that during the medieval ages, the Tamil language acquired a new gloss due to the religious movements of the time. Literary Tamil which was highly formal and stylised, became simpler and more colloquial. During the age of the Pallavas, radical changes were effected in the political, social, cultural and literary fields. These changes led to changes in the Tamil language also, both in the written form and the grammar. Several Sanskrit words were borrowed, which enriched Tamil. Simiplicity and grace lent beauty to Tamil. This lesson explains the grammatical changes that were wrought at this time. These can be learnt from a study of the literature of the age of the Pallavas.
During the 7th and 8th centuries, the Nayanmaars and the Aazhwars sang devotional songs and propagated Saivism and Vaishnavism, Temples offered a platform for the growth of the fine arts.
We can learn more about the Tamil language used during the Pallava period, from the literature, grammar, stone and copper inscriptions and various other documents of the age. In the history of Tamil literature, it was during the age of the Pallavas that the maximum number of Tamil works were produced
Languages are subject to constant change. True to this statement, there were changes in the formation of nouns and verbs during the Pallava period. For example, a difference between masculine and feminine genders was indicated by ‘aan’ and ‘aal’, Hence, vaittaan, agantral.
All these changes are recorded in the two grammar books produced during this age viz Avinayam and Yapparungal viruthhi.
A careful reading of this lesson will teach you all about the changes in the words of the Tamil language, brought about during the age of the Pallavas.