The Vedic Aryans, taking advantage of the
primitive credulity, religious fanaticism and indiscriminate munificence
of the Tamil kings, made them believe that they (the Vedic Aryans), were
earthly gods (Bh‡suras) and their ancestral
language was a divine language (D„va Bhƒsha).
In this matter, their white colour and the high-sounding phonology of
their language stood them in good stead.
After subjugating the Tamilians in this manner, the Vedic Aryans
introduced Sanskrit as the medium of public and temple workship in place
of Tamil, and this marked the beginning of the deterioration of Tamil
which came to be treated with contempt even by the Tamilians.
Nature of Sanskrit
It has become a universal error to overrate Sanskrit and give it
undue importance, and underrate Tamil and neglect it altogether, as the
Tamilians have not yet made an organized effort to put forth the case
of Tamil before the western literati, as the Sanskritists have done hitherto.
Almost all Westeners are still under the illusion, that Sanskrit
is a language still living.
The Vedic Aryans, after their language ceased to be a spoken language,
wanted to have a language and literature of their own, to maintain their
social supremacy. There were only five regional languages spoken in India
during the Vedic Age, Pisƒci, Souras„ni,
and Mƒgadi in the North. Tamil in the South,
and Maharashtri in the middle. The post-Vedic Aryan poets and grammarians,
realising the deficiency of the Aryan vocabulary, slowly evolved a semi-artificial
literary dialect called Sanskrit, ‘the perfectly constructed’, out of
the dead Vedic Aryan and the then living Indian languages called PrƒkŠits,
‘the previsously constructed’. Sanskrit is not identical with Vedic Aryan,
which differs from the former as much as Anglo-Saxon from Modern English,
but with this difference, that while English is a living language Sanskrit
is only a literary dialect. So, it is a prochronism to call the Vedic
language ‘Vedic Sanskrit’.