பக்கம் எண் :

300THE PRIMARY CLASSICAL LANGUAGE OF THE WORLD

14. MIGRATION OF THE VEDIC
ARYANS TO THE SOUTH

Perfection of Sanskrit

     At the time of the Aryan advent, North India was mostly
peopled by Dravidians, and there had been regular intercourse
between North and South from the earliest times.

     The Vedic Aryans seem to have acquired some knowledge
of grammar from the Dravidian scholars available in North India,
and written the rudimentary Vedic grammars called Pratis)akhyas.
The first Sanskrit epic is said to be Valmiki's Ramayana, probably
written about the 11th or 12th century B.C., in North India. However,
the perfection of Sanskrit took place only after the Vedic Aryans
came into contact with the Tamilians of the South. Thousands of
Tamil words were borrowed wholesale, and the first Sanskrit
comprehensive grammar, viz., Aindram was composed on the Tamil
soil on the Tamil model but it dealt with only Orthography and
accidence and Syntax, on its success or the A™—ƒdtyƒyi, did.

     As Aindram bore clear traces of Tamilian origin, it seems to
have been completely destroyed by an organized effort, after the
appearance of Panini's grammar, to the first fourteen rules of
which divine origin is attributed. There is reason to suppose that
all the copies of Aindran were collected, and thrown into a deep
pond at Thirumƒlkuram near Madurai.

     There have been three stages, at which Tamil words had
entered into the Indian Aryan language. When the earliest Dravidian
hordes migrated towards Europe carrying germs of proto-Aryan in
them, their language contained thousands of Tamil words. That was
the Tamil of the First Stage. When the Vedic Aryan entered North
India and settled there, some fresh Tamil