பக்கம் எண் :

Migration of the Vedic Aryans to the South303

Composition of Sanskrit.

     Sanskrit, which is universally and erroneously believed to be the carliest living member of the Aryan family of languages, is really a composite semi-artificial literary dialect of which, two - fifths are West and Mid-West Aryan,two-fifths Dravidian, and the remaining one-fifth, new creation.

     The Tamil loan-words in Sanskrit have been generally distorted and disguised in many ways as follows:-

(1) Change of Letters:
     e.g. mukam-mukha (face)
         madi-mru (to die)
         mƒdam-mƒsa (month)
         kƒy-kƒs) (to shine)
         nƒ‰i-nƒdi (measure)

Some words derivated from the same etymon have the root-consonant altered in Sanskrit.

e.g. etymon Tamil Sanskrit
  pagu pakkam
pƒgam
paksa
bhƒga
  ša——u ša——am(frame)
š
adam

šadalam,
šadaram
-

jada (body, lifeless matter)
šarram (body)

Addition of Letters and Affixes

e.g. Tamil Sanskrit
     
  kƒyam ƒkƒs)a (sky)
  tƒmarai tƒmarasa (red lotus)
  pdi vibhti (sacred ashes)
  mƒnam anumƒna, upamƒna, samƒna,
šammƒna, pramƒna, parimƒna etc.

      Many altered Tamil words have a ‘ra’ or ‘ru’ inserted after
the devocalized initial vowel-consonant.