தமிழ் இணையக் கல்விக்கழகம் - TAMIL VIRTUAL ACADEMY

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  • Lesson - 4 : A05134

    TAMIL DURING THE AGE OF
    THE CHOLAS - MORPHOLOGY




    From this lesson you can learn all about the literary and grammatical works, stone and copper inscriptions, records and other documents, which tell us of the changes brought about in the words of the Tamil language during the age of the Cholas.

        The Chola period belongs to the medieval age. During this time, there was an all-round growth in economy, culture, art and the Tamil language. Saivism, Vaishnavism, Jainism and Buddhism made significant literary contributions which enriched Tamil literature. Because of this, the Chola period may be considered as the Golden Age of Tamil Literature. Naturally, several changes took place in Tamil. There was a mixture of Manippravaalam in the literary works of that age. Several grammatical works based on Sanskrit grammar appeared in Tamil also.

        When we compare Chola Tamil with ancient Tamil, we find important changes in the sounds, forms and grammar of the language. Notable among them is the change in the forms of the pronouns.

        For example:

            yaankal, naankal
            enkal, nankal
            neenkal, neerkal
            nunkal, unkal
            tankal, taankal
            avarkal, ivarkal

        There were changes in the forms of verbs also. Some were brought about by the influence of Sanskrit. Two ways in which Sanskrit words were adapted and absorbed into Tamil are ‘Tharpavam’ and ‘Tharsamam’.

        For Example:

            tarpavam - suki, poki, gnanam
            tarcamam - kamalam, kunkumam

        Thus this lesson gives you an account of the changes which took place in the Tamil language during the Chola period.

    முன்

புதுப்பிக்கபட்ட நாள் : 01-09-2016 00:05:38(இந்திய நேரம்)